In adolescence, that is, during adolescence, the child becomes more independent and socially mature, and his physical appearance is in many respects the same as that of an adult. In girls, menstruation usually begins in between 11. a 14. year of life. Before graduation 14. the age of pubic hair usually ends, breasts and all sweat glands. Speed ​​of growth, which has significantly accelerated in age 1 0 or 11 years, decreases after the onset of the first period. Menstruation in adolescent girls is sometimes very painful and can be irregular up to 17. age, if your daughter has 15 years and there was no acceleration in the pace of growth, or to 17. year of life, menstrual bleeding did not start, due to the delay in puberty, contact your doctor. In case of severe menstrual discomfort, a gynecological examination may be necessary, performed by a pediatric gynecologist or gynecologist experienced in examining teenage girls. Every girl should undergo a gynecological examination prior to graduation 18. years of age or earlier, if she has started sexual activity.

At the age of 13 or 14 years, the larynx in boys begins to enlarge, which causes the voice to change. Between 13, a 15. it is the year of life that hair development on the armpits and on the face begins, as well as the sweat glands. During this period, most boys are already able to ejaculate the seminal fluid. Growth, the pace of which is accelerated in between 13. a 15. year of life, usually ends around the age of 17 do 18 years. if your son has 15 years and there was no acceleration in the pace of growth, or to 16. When he was about to age, his voice did not change, due to the delay in puberty, contact your doctor.

Experimenting teenagers with their own sexuality, often through masturbation, is something natural. Boys and girls of this age begin to have relationships of the opposite sex, and some of them may be experimenting with homosexual relationships, although only a few will find this sexual orientation dominant. When the baby enters puberty, you should explain the changes to him, that occur in his body, differences between physical sexual contact and the feeling of love, the concept of homosexuality, and the potential consequences of unprotected sex, including pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.

Rapid physical development and hormonal changes can cause other changes, such as visual disturbances, iron deficiency anemia; and acne. A common infectious disease, which affects children of all ages, but especially in adolescents, is infectious mononucleosis. Sometimes adolescent girls and young women develop eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. The warning symptoms of these diseases are: severe weight loss, fluctuations in body weight and binge eating, and then inducing vomiting to remove the eaten food. Some teenagers, especially girls, there is a tendency to migraine headaches Lateral curvature of the spine, that is, scoliosis, it is more common in girls than in boys. Many schools conduct routine tests to spot this condition early.

Physical development, intellectual and psychological issues during adolescence may be associated with instability in feelings or behavior. Depression is not uncommon in adolescents, anxiety and panic attacks. Out of curiosity, Many adolescents have experimented with drugs in response to depression or other trauma or peer pressure, alcohol and tobacco. Inform your child of potential health risks, and about the social and legal consequences of smoking, drinking alcohol and using drugs.