Every woman should consider the consequences of engaging in sexual intercourse: one ratio is enough, to get pregnant. There are many ways to maintain sexual contact, while preventing conception.
Natural family planning is about determining the fertile and infertile days of a woman's menstrual cycle, which allows to predict, when ovulation is likely to occur, and so when a woman can get pregnant. Coordinating intercourse with the time of ovulation helps in becoming pregnant; and vice versa, not having sexual intercourse in the period immediately before and after ovulation is a method of pregnancy prevention.
Modern methods of natural family planning come from what is known as the marriage calendar, first introduced in years 30. last century, which consisted in the woman predicting the moment of ovulation based on the previous menstrual cycle. Metoda ta, as ineffective, is no longer recommended. Modern methods of natural family planning include the observation of mucus secreted by the cervix and the measurement of temperature under resting conditions to determine two- or a three-day period, when ovulation will occur. According to supporters of modern methods of natural family planning, to avoid pregnancy, it is usually enough to abstain from intercourse by 10 do 14 days of each month.
Methods, which prevent sperm from reaching the unfertilized egg, is called mechanical. These include the use of condoms by a man and the use of diaphragms, uterine caps and female condoms by the woman. All barrier methods of contraception are more effective, if combined with the application of a spermicidal cream or gel, which destroys sperm. IUD, introduced into the uterine cavity, prevents a fertilized egg from implanting in the endometrium. Even though the IUDs are effective, some women who use them are unpleasant, and in rare cases severe side effects. Women under the age of using IUDs 30 years are slightly more likely to develop toxic shock syndrome.
Hormonal methods of birth control – Oral contraceptive pills or prolonged-release capsules, implanted under the skin – are among the most effective methods of contraception. Synthetic hormones temporarily inhibit the release of eggs from the ovaries, without eliminating monthly bleeding. The contraceptive pill or capsule must be prescribed by a doctor, which will help you choose the most appropriate type, and will inform you about potential side effects and complications, currently occurring rarely. After stopping birth control pills, most women return to normal ovarian function and they can become pregnant..
Sterilization is a method of irreversible contraception (not allowed in Poland). Treatment of certain diseases, such as cancer of the cervix or endometrium, requires removal of this organ, often together with the ovaries and fallopian tubes. After the birth of one or more babies, some women choose to have their fallopian tubes surgically damaged and ligated, which effectively prevents sperm from contacting the egg cells.
In rare cases, a fertilized egg will implant outside the uterine cavity, most often in the fallopian tube. This condition is called an ectopic pregnancy – it is a painful condition and a potential threat to the mother's Jew, therefore the fetus must be surgically removed.