The first few years of a child's life are a period of rapid development. Individual personality traits become clearer, especially as speaking skills improve. At the age of 18 When the baby is already months old, he can usually stack blocks, throw the ball and move toys around the room. The ability to run is coming soon, climbing and descending stairs without assistance, as well as eating with a spoon.
By the age of about a year, some children already say simple words, and before they start building sentences from single words, they already understand and act on most of it, what is said to them. W 2. During the year of life, a child may become easily frustrated and angry. Parents' best reaction is to ignore these outbursts, while praising the child's positive behavior.
Two-year-old children can run efficiently and begin to dress and undress themselves. Most children of this age are also able to use the toilet and will not wet their clothes all day long, although some, especially boys, they soak at night until 5. or 6. age. The vocabulary is significantly increased, so that at the time of completion 3 At the age of 18, the child already utters short sentences. During this period, the little one needs to show affection and approval very much, he also understands disapproval.
In the period between 18, month of A. 3. the age of the child begins to pay more attention – and sometimes he does not return it on purpose – on the parents. During this period, a sense of independence and responsibility are formed. Even though children like to be praised for it, what they do well, do not be surprised, if they answer "no" from time to time” at some request.
Children aged 3 for years they can already pronounce simple sentences, they dress and undress with the help of another person, and also use the toilet on their own. They play with more complicated toys, such as swings, slides and three-wheeled bicycles. They are also more interested in playing with their peers, and not only play alone in the company of other children, just like one or two year olds. At this age, the first signs of competition and jealousy are also normal. If the child still sucks a finger, most likely it will stop doing so in the next year.
Four-year-olds use more complex sentences. A developing imagination can make, that the child begins to fear the dark or imaginary monsters. Such worries are normal and usually disappear within a year or two. The mobility of five-year-olds allows them to jump on one leg and jump over obstacles. Physical independence and curiosity make it, that small children may become particularly vulnerable to accidents. Most scrapes and bruises heal quickly, but certain injuries may require medical attention. Parents and other family members should be alert to possible sources of danger, such as fire or unfenced bodies of water, which can cause serious injuries.
A preschool child may get sick with such diseases, like a cold, flu or angina, especially when he has frequent contact with other children, for example, when playing together. Many childhood diseases are accompanied by fever, Unlike an adult in a child under the age of 8 For years, a fever of up to 41 ° C may not cause any other symptoms, although in children from 1 do 3 years, the temperature above 38.3 ° C can cause febrile seizures. Parents worry about such seizures, but rarely pose a threat to a child's life.